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Demographics - Report and outlook 2022-2023

Each year, Québec International’s Economic Studies team sheds light on various important economic indicators in a publication called “Report and Outlook.” In addition to analyzing the previous year’s data, the economists consider the current context and medium- and long-term forecast scenarios in order to form a solid opinion of the changes to be expected. Québec International is therefore pleased to unveil the Demographics section of this document, which looks at the evolution of the population.

This demographic report shows that the Québec City CMA has performed well in 2022 compared to 2021 in many aspects. The population growth rate almost tripled, reaching 14.5 per mille in 2022, compared to 5 per mille in 2021. The CMA also doubled the number of both international migrants and non-permanent residents it received.

Data also shows that the CMA fared better in 2022 in terms of intraprovincial migration, with results more than four times (+2,400) higher than in 2021 (+538). This remarkable performance is explained in part by the fact that the CMA broke away from its poor performance in the 25 to 64 age category, where it previously registered negative results. In 2021, significant gains in the 15 to 24 age category (+1,223) had been completely outweighed by losses in the 24 to 64 age category (-1,180). Although it did not make any significant gains in that category (+30) in 2022, the CMA registered no losses. Moreover, Québec City is the only CMA to have made gains in its migration exchanges with every other CMA in the province in 2022.

Despite these results, data shows that the population aging persists in the CMA. Among comparable Canadian CMAs, Québec City remains the CMA with the lowest proportion of working-age people (15 to 64 years old), as well as the highest proportion of people aged 65 years and over. This situation, combined with the labour market creating many jobs, highlights more than ever the need for labour. On this matter, the CMA continues to improve its net intraprovincial migration as well as its attractiveness to international immigrants and non-permanent residents, although significant improvements are still to be made. As the economic development agency for the Québec City region, Québec International takes this challenge as a priority and promotes collaboration with economic, political and social stakeholders in the region.