Québec City economic statistics

Québec City is a thriving economic hub. Learn more about Québec City’s main economic indicators. You can use this information to evaluate the region’s performance in several areas:

  • Economic growth
  • Purchasing power
  • Labour market
  • Investment
  • Demographics

You can also access a list of major projects that are underway in the region, news ventures by private employers as well many relevant articles and documents.

Discover the Québec City region’s vitality and community.

The labour market

According to the Labour Force Survey (LFS), January 2020 marked a 7th consecutive monthly decrease in the number of people employed in the Québec City metropolitan area. The beginning of the year followed the same labour market trend as in the second half of 2019. In this regard, according to Statistics Canada, there were 441,300 people employed in the area in January 2020, a drop of 6,600 people (-1.5%) compared to December 2019. However, in the province of Quebec and Canada, the labour market remained stable, with very little fluctuations.

Meanwhile, the unemployment rate reached 4.1% in the Québec City CMA, crossing the 4% threshold for the first time since November 2017. It still remains the lowest in the country, while eight Canadian CMAs registered a rate below 5%. The unemployment rate in the region will remain low throughout the year as job opportunities abound, as shown by the high number of vacancies.

Information updated as of February 2020.

Would you like to know more on this subject? Read our complete monthly analysis for January 2020.

Do you want to know more about the region’s main employers? Download Québec City CMA’s list of top employers by business sector (PDF, 305KB).

  • 4.1%

    Unemployment rate

    (February 2020)

  • -3,000

    Job creation

    (February 2020)

  • 63.5%

    Employment rate

    (February 2020)

  • -3,400

    Change in active population

    (February 2020)

Economic growth

Economic vitality in the Québec City census metropolitan area (CMA) and a robust labour market supported consumption, a major component of gross domestic product (GDP). Investment, however, was supported by the level of residential investment, with growth reaching a record high in 2018. Not to be outdone, public investment also contributed to the CMA’s economic growth. Overall, the area maintained a growth level similar to that of 2017 (2.4%), a performance that brought the CMA’s real GDP to $35.8B in 2018.

Information updated as of May 2019.

  • $35.8 billion

    Real GDP


  • + 2.4%

    Real GDP growth


  • $43,742

    GDP per capita


  • $79,115

    GDP per job


Residential and non-residential investments

In 2018, the Institut de la statistique du Québec (ISQ, Quebec’s statistics institute) estimated non-residential capital expenditures at $3.5B, a third annual increase, up 3.1% from 2017. This moderate growth, compared to other cities in the province, follows two years during which the area had been a leader in Quebec.

Statistics Canada estimated that the residential sector had generated investments of $2.2B, a 10.6% increase compared to the previous year. This is a record high in the area since 2015, when the data series was initiated, and one of the most significant increases in Eastern Canada behind Montréal. Like in the rest of Canada, the annual increase of investments for the construction of multi-family homes (+26.9%) compensated the drop in single-family homes (-8.0%).

Information updated as of April 2019.

Do you want to know about the current or future investments? Browse our list of current and announced major investment projects (PDF, 302KB).

  • $3.5 billion

    Capital assets

    Non-residential (+3.1%)

  • Over 200

    Non-residential projects in progress or announced

    (December 2018)

  • 5,355

    Construction starts

    8th position in Canada (-19.4%)

  • $2.2 billion

    Residential investment


Purchasing power

In 2018 the average annual salary in the Québec City CMA grew to just under $45,000, a moderate increase of 2.6%. This increase was mostly due to the contributions by the vast majority of the occupational sectors. This growth exceeded inflation, resulting in the consumer price index (CPI) growing overall by 1.5%. Although this was the highest of five consecutive years of growth in the CMA, it is still only moderate growth, and remains below both the provincial and national average. Consequently, the purchasing power of Québec City residents actually increased, and the CMA continues to distinguish itself in the province with the highest personal disposable income (PDI), at $32,541. As for consumption, a crucial economic indicator of growth, the total value of retail sales reached $15.7B in 2018. The number of bankruptcies declined for both individuals (1,973 cases) and businesses (177 cases), decreasing by 7% and 8.3% respectively as compared to 2017.

Information updated as of April 2019.

  • $44,963

    Average salary


  • +1.5%

    Inflation rate


  • $15.7 billion

    Retail sales


  • $32,541

    Personal disposable income


Demographic overview

According to the Institut de la statistique du Québec (ISQ), there were 817,408 residents in the area in 2018, a 0.8% increase compared to the previous year. Despite lower growth compared to the provincial average (+1.1%), the Québec City census metropolitan area (CMA) remains the second most populated in the province. This means that Québec City retains its demographic weight of 9.7%, behind the Montréal CMA (50.7%).

In 2018, population growth was supported by natural increase and immigration, which is consistent with the ISQ’s most recent forecast scenario. The population ageing phenomenon also continues to grow and will remain a concern in the years to come.

Information updated as of May 2019.

  • 817,408

    Total population


  • + 0.8%

    Population growth


  • 9.7%

    Proportion of the province of Québec’s entire population


  • 5631

    Attracted people


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